Acalypha hispida

 Source: Wikipedia

Source: Wikipedia

NAME:  Acalypha hispida

FAMILY: Euphorbiaceae

COMMON NAMES: Cat's tail, chenille plant, medusa's locks

LOCAL NAMES: Jiwene, Jinwinini

USEFUL PART(s):  Leaves, twigs

GENERAL USES:  

  • It is usually used as hedge
  • Houseplant for ornamental purpose

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION

  • Hawaii
  • the United States
  • Mexico

WHY IS IT GREEN? 

Acalypha hispida medicinal uses include:

  • Skin rashes
  • Antimicrobial

OTHER IMPACT:

Toxic if eaten by animal

FURTHER READINGS

Adesina, S. K., Idowu, O., Ogundaini, A. O., Oladimeji, H., Olugbade, T. A., Onawunmi, G. O., & Pais, M. (2000). Antimicrobial constituents of the leaves of Acalypha wilkesiana and Acalypha hispida. Phytotherapy Research, 14(5), 371–374. https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1573(200008)14:5<371::AID-PTR625>3.3.CO;2-6

Amakura, Y., Miyake, M., Ito, H., Murakaku, S., Araki, S., Itoh, Y., … Yoshida, T. (1999). Acalyphidins M1, M2and D1, ellagitannins from Acalypha hispida. Phytochemistry, 50(4), 667–675. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00579-2

Ejechi, B. O. (2001). Wood biodeterioration control potential of Acalypha hispida leaf phenolic extract in combination with Trichoderma viride culture filtrate. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 17(6), 561–565. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012230405448

Ejechi, B. O., & Souzey, J. A. (1999). Inhibition of biodeterioration of yam tuber Dioscorea rotundata Poir in storage with phenolic extract of Acalypha hispida Burm.f. leaves. Journal of Stored Products Research, 35(2), 127–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-474X(98)00038-1

Elamparithi, D., Mani, P., & Moorthy, V. (2014). Antimicrobial activity and GC-MS analysis of Ocimum tenuiflorum and Acalypha hispida extract against Streptococcus pyogenes. Malaya Journal of Biosciences, 1(4), 259–266. Retrieved from http://www.malayabiosciences.com/articles/8._Mani_et_al.-_MJB_1(4)_259-266.pdf

Iniaghe, O. M., Malomo, S. O., & Adebayo, J. O. (2009). Proximate composition and phytochemical constituents of leaves of some Acalypha species. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8(3), 256–258. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2009.256.258

Manikanta, B., Varma, P. R., Krishna, V., Kumar, A. R., & Rathinam, K. M. S. (2014). Phytochemical evaluation of Acalypha hispida, Acalypha nervosa and Acalypha fruiticosa. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 7(3), 197–199.

Odigie, B. E., & Achukwu, P. U. (2014). Histopathological pattern of the liver and kidney of Rattus novergicuson prophylactic consumption of Acalypha godseffiana crude ethnolic extract. Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research, 13(1), 98–109.

Okanla, E. O., Owoyale, J. A., & Akinyanju, J. A. (1990). Trypanocidal effect of an aqueous extract of acalypha hispida leaves. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 29(2), 233–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(90)90060-7

Reiersen, B., Kiremire, B. T., Byamukama, R., & Andersen, Ø. M. (2003). Anthocyanins acylated with gallic acid from chenille plant, Acalypha hispida. Phytochemistry, 64(4), 867–871. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00494-1