Adenium Obesum

 Source: Wikimedia

Source: Wikimedia

NAME: Adenium Obesum

FAMILY: Apoynaceae

COMMON NAME(s): Sabi star, Impala lily, Desert rose, Mock Azalea

LOCAL NAMES: Gariya

USEFUL PART(s):  Stem, roots, fruit, juice

GENERAL USE(s):  

  • The sap from the plant stem and root is used as arrow poison for hunting  and fish toxin
  • Ornamental purpose

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION

  • Senegal
  • Sudan
  • Mauritania
  • Ethiopia,
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Yemen
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand

 WHY IS IT GREEN? 

 Adenium Obesum medicinal uses include:

  • Wound dressing
  • Ulcer
  • Cardiac tonic
  • Venereal diseases

OTHER IMPACT

The plant is toxic

FURTHER READINGS

Abalaka, S. E., Fatihu, M. Y., Ibrahim, N. D. G., & Ambali, S. F. (2015). Gills and skin histopathological evaluation in African sharptooth catfish, Clarias gariepinus exposed to ethanol extract of Adenium obesum stem bark. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 41(1), 119–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2015.01.005

Abalaka, S. E., Fatihu, M. Y., Ibrahim, N. D. G., & Ambali, S. F. (2015). Liver histopathological changes in Clarias gariepinus exposed to ethanol extract of Adenium obesum stem bark. Journal of Morphological Sciences, 32(1), 22–28. https://doi.org/10.4322/jms.069314

AL-Ghudani, M. K. N., & Hossain, M. A. (2015). Determination of total phenolics, flavonoids and antioxidant activity of root crude extracts of Adenium obesum traditionally used for the treatment of bone dislocations and rheumatism. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 5(S1), S155–S158. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2222-1808(15)60879-9

Farah, M. A., Ali, M. A., Chen, S.-M., Li, Y., Al-Hemaid, F. M., Abou-Tarboush, F. M., … Lee, J. (2016). Silver nanoparticles synthesized from Adenium obesum leaf extract induced DNA damage, apoptosis and autophagy via generation of reactive oxygen species. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.01.027

Farah, M. A., Ali, M. A., Chen, S.-M., Li, Y., Al-Hemaid, F. M., Abou-Tarboush, F. M., … Lee, J. (2016). Silver nanoparticles synthesized from Adenium obesum leaf extract induced DNA damage, apoptosis and autophagy via generation of reactive oxygen species. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 141, 158–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.01.027

Farah, M. A., Ali, M. A., Chen, S. M., Li, Y., Al-Hemaid, F. M., Abou-Tarboush, F. M., … Lee, J. (2016). Silver nanoparticles synthesized from Adenium obesum leaf extract induced DNA damage, apoptosis and autophagy via generation of reactive oxygen species. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 141, 158–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.01.027

Hossain, M. A., Sohail Akhtar, M., Said, S., & Al-Abri, T. H. A. (2017). Two new flavonoids from Adenium obesum grown in Oman. Journal of King Saud University - Science, 29(1), 62–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2016.04.004

Van der Walt, K., & Witkowski, E. T. F. (2017). Seed viability, germination and seedling emergence of the critically endangered stem succulent, Adenium swazicum, in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany, 109, 237–245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2017.01.011

Versiani, M. A., Ahmed, S. K., Ikram, A., Ali, S. T., Yasmeen, K., & Faizi, S. (2014). Chemical constituents and biological activities of Adenium obesum (Forsk. ) Roem. et Schult. Chemistry and Biodiversity. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201200254

Yash, S., Anshita, N., & Susmita, S. (2015). Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of Adenium obesum (Desert rose) leaf. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 6(3), P85–P92.